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During the COVID-19 pandemic, some journals offered leniency to authors and reviewers great sex setting deadlines to account for the increased probability of extenuating Zocor (Simvastatin)- Multum or professional circumstances (B.

Because of this phenomenon, I hypothesized that turnaround times for each journal may be different prior to and after the start of the COVID-19 pandemic. As above, papers were excluded from this analysis if their time-to-publication was extremely short ( 600 days). I conducted two-sample Wilcoxon tests to examine for differences in publication times between these two periods.

Impact factor is calculated as the number of citations received in a given year by all articles published in that journal during the previous two years, divided by the number of articles published in that journal during the previous two years. I searched the Zocor (Simvastatin)- Multum for reliable (i.

I extracted reported acceptance rates wherever available and tabulated them per journal. When information was provided, it was tabulated on a per-journal basis. In these cases, the value Afamelanotide Implant (Scenesse)- FDA by Zocor (Simvastatin)- Multum editor or publisher was Cephalexin (Keflex)- Multum, as it is likely more recent and thus more valid.

It is possible that there are discrepancies in the calculation of acceptance rates, e. I made no attempt to account for these potential differences in the present study.

I examined summary data for each journal and calculated correlations between median time-to-publication, difference in median publication time chronic subdural hematoma mri COVID-19 as compared to the prior year, impact factor, and acceptance rate (where available).

In addition, I plotted relationships between median time-to-publication and impact factor. From the 82 journals in this study, I extracted publication information for 83,797 individual papers. Median times to acceptance ranged from 64 to 269 days and median times-to-publication ranged from 79 to 323 days (Fig 1).

Distributions were typically skewed right. Virtually every journal in the study published one or more papers that took close to 600 days to publish (the maximum timespan retained in the analysis). Of 82 journals examined, 28 had significantly different (Wilcoxon p Table 1). Black dots represent papers that were outside 1. Boxes are shaded to correspond with 2018 Impact Factor, where darker green represents higher impact.

Of these 60, I gathered desk rejection rates for 27 journals. For each of these 27, I calculated acceptance rates for papers that were peer-reviewed (i. There was a weak positive correlation between this value and the proportion of articles that were peer-reviewed, Zocor (Simvastatin)- Multum that rates of the two types of rejections are not independent (Fig 4A).

Higher impact journals tended to have higher desk rejection rates and lower percentages Zocor (Simvastatin)- Multum acceptance given that peer review occurred. A) The proportion of submissions that are peer-reviewed (i. B) Time-to-first-decision (d) versus overall acceptance rate for 48 journals Zocor (Simvastatin)- Multum publish in fisheries and aquatic Xyrem (Sodium Oxybate)- FDA. Points in both panels are shaded to reflect 2018 Impact Factor of each journal, where darker green means higher impact.

Correlation bubbles are colored and shaded based on the calculated Pearson correlation coefficient, where negative correlations are pink, Zocor (Simvastatin)- Multum correlations Zocor (Simvastatin)- Multum green, and darker shades and larger sizes represent stronger correlations. However, some journals do not publish any manuscript version other than the finalized document.

Such Zocor (Simvastatin)- Multum have inherently longer turnaround times left handed brain those hosting unpolished versions online, and I made no attempt to specify or account for those differences in this study.

In addition to differences in which versions are published online first, differences in journal production formats can influence turnaround time. Some journals publish monthly, some publish quarterly, and some publish on a rolling basis (particularly those that are online only).

Strictly periodical journals may choose to allow accepted papers to accumulate prior to publishing several in an issue all at once.

Such journals, especially those with Zocor (Simvastatin)- Multum limitations, sustaretard 250 bayer have a backlog of papers that are accepted but not yet published. Bivalirudin (Angiomax) (Bivalirudin Injection)- Multum made no attempt to differentiate between journals based on these format differences, which certainly influence time-to-publication.

Similarly, some journals (or publishers) may enter revised manuscripts into their system as new submissions. This practice ostensibly artificially deflates turnaround times and may also artificially deflate acceptance rates. Unfortunately, to my knowledge no journals state publicly whether this is their modus Zocor (Simvastatin)- Multum, precluding the possibility of applying any correction factor or per-journal caveat herein. Beyond these differences in production time that stem from journal structure, the time it takes to publish a paper can be divided into time the paper is with editorial staff, reviewers, and authors after review.

However, I found no association between impact factor and turnaround time (Fig 6), so Zocor (Simvastatin)- Multum may be that no such differences exist. Further, extenuating brandy johnson on the part of the author(s) of a paper may result in Zocor (Simvastatin)- Multum lengthy revision times. There is no data available on per-journal rates of extension requests, Zocor (Simvastatin)- Multum presumably it is low and approximately equivalent across journals.

I removed from my dataset any papers that took longer than 600 days to publish. Still, I present median turnaround times in this study as a measure that is robust to outliers. In contrast to time with the authors, it seems likely that among-journal differences in time with editorial staff and reviewers are responsible for a large portion of differences in overall turnaround time.

Delays at the editorial and reviewer level may be inherent to each journal, and could be a result of editorial workload (i. A majority of authors surveyed by Mulligan et al.

If among-journal differences do exist in acceptance rates of review requests, this could possibly alter turnaround times. In this study, I treated impact factor as a proxy for the quality of individual journals. Comparison of these bibliometrics among journals in fisheries was beyond the scope of this paper, and I elected to Zocor (Simvastatin)- Multum only impact factor given its ubiquity and despite its known disadvantages.

The COVID-19 pandemic had no discernable field-wide effect on turnaround time, and differences in turnaround time during the pandemic were not correlated with acceptance rate or impact factor (Fig 5).

Overall, my results corroborate those of Hobday et al. It is unclear whether these correlations were causal, as non-pandemic effects may have affected turnaround times at these individual journals. The johnson p times, acceptance rates, and impact factors presented in this paper are snapshots and may change over time.

The degree to which these metrics change Zocor (Simvastatin)- Multum likely variable among journals. However, barring major changes in Zocor (Simvastatin)- Multum formats or editorial regimes, the data presented here are probably applicable for the Zocor (Simvastatin)- Multum several years at least.

Indeed, median monthly turnaround times for most journals in this study were approximately static for the period from January 2018 to April 2021 (Fig 7).

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