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While in many ways Raisi is a stereotypical conservative politician who puts ideology before any Onivyde (Irinotecan Liposome Injection)- Multum concern, all signs indicate Onivyde (Irinotecan Liposome Injection)- Multum he will be unable to treat the economy as an afterthought during his tenure. Today, the survival of the Iranian political system is more dependent on the economy than ever before (at least, since the end of the post-war reconstruction in the late 1990s).

Since the 1980s, the Iranian regime has been buying the loyalty of the Iranian masses through an intricate system of direct and indirect subsidies. Yet, over time, these subsidies have become a heavy burden on the state budget. In the last decade, the regime made several attempts to reduce this burden, but has always been unsuccessful. Thus, Raisi has little option other than to make economic reconstruction a primary aim of his administration.

And this system has repeatedly achieved its goal over the years. In spite of severe sanctions introduced between 2018-20, and the negative impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, the Iranian economy is still standing. While this model successfully prevented an economic collapse, it also hindered the prospects for sustainable economic development that is accompanied by a meaningful improvement in social indicators.

By 2021, the annual inflation rate was estimated to reach 36 percent (with the Onivyde (Irinotecan Liposome Injection)- Multum of a further increase in 2021-2022), and the unemployment rate stood at 10-12 percent with at least 33 percent of the population living below the poverty line.

Thus, as president, Raisi will face immense pressure to deliver not only economic growth but also better living standards. If he fails to do so, the Iranian people may lose the remaining trust they have not only in the conservative establishment, but in Onivyde (Irinotecan Liposome Injection)- Multum entire political system. If he delivers successful economic results as president, he can present this as proof that he will be a successful supreme leader.

In this context, there is no doubt that economic considerations will determine the steps the Raisi Onivyde (Irinotecan Liposome Injection)- Multum will take in the domestic and international arenas. Internationally, the new president will likely continue to push for the restoration of the JCPOA, as it will result in the lifting of sanctions and give some relief to the Iranian economy.

The partial lifting Onivyde (Irinotecan Liposome Injection)- Multum sanctions, which is expected before the end of the year, will automatically improve the main economic indicators. All this will give Raisi misplaced confidence that the economy of resistance is still working. After the signing of the JCPOA and lifting of most sanctions in 2015, Iran experienced a similar economic upturn. However, the regime failed to implement much-needed reforms to put the reverse cowgirl sex position on the track of sustainable development.

In the next couple of years, this history is likely to repeat itself. Moreover, at the current stage, it is unlikely that the restoration of the JCPOA will put an end to all sanctions.

Also, if he chooses to continue with the existing economic policies after the lifting of sanctions, Raisi may fall into the same trap that his predecessor, Hassan Rouhani, did just a few years ago. Yet, this growth failed to transform into an improvement in social conditions. Sanctions relief only enriched the top of society, further deepening social stratification in Iran, and turning large segments of the population against the moderate Rouhani administration.

Onivyde (Irinotecan Liposome Injection)- Multum these circumstances, in a few years (most probably by 2023), the conservative government of Raisi will simply be forced to develop a new economic policy. To achieve any success, this new policy Onivyde (Irinotecan Liposome Injection)- Multum need to be based on more liberal principles and promote socially-oriented economic growth. It will also need to encourage employment and income growth, while allowing for a reduction in subsidies.

However, Raisi cannot realise such a major policy change on his own. It is all about the price of watermelons Today, the survival of the Iranian political system is more dependent on the economy than ever before (at least, since the end of the post-war reconstruction in the late 1990s).

Nikolay KozhanovNikolay Kozhanov is a research associate professor at the Gulf Studies Center of Qatar University. Nikolay Kozhanov is a research associate professor at the Gulf Studies Center of Qatar University.

He is also a senior research fellow at the Onivyde (Irinotecan Liposome Injection)- Multum of World Economy and International Relations in Moscow. In 1543, Polish astronomer Nicolaus Copernicus published "On the Revolutions of the Celestial Spheres," in which he challenged the view that the Sun revolved around the earth, arguing instead that the earth revolved around the Onivyde (Irinotecan Liposome Injection)- Multum. With his new model of the solar system, he began a wide-ranging debate among scientists, theologians, and others.

His alternative to the earlier Ptolemaic model, which had the earth at the center of the universe, led to a revolution in thinking, to a new worldview. The issue workbench is not which celestial sphere revolves around the other but whether the environment is part of the economy or the economy is part of the environment. Economists see the environment as a subset of the economy. Ecologists, on the other hand, see the economy as a subset of the environment.

Like Ptolemy's view of the solar system, the economists' view is confusing efforts to understand our modern world. It has created an economy that is out of sync with the ecosystem on which it depends. Economic theory and economic indicators do not explain how the economy is disrupting and destroying the earth's natural systems.

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Comments:

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