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Mistakes to avoid: At no point should the volume of loosely related information make the reader feel lost and wonder, "Why is all of this information here. The last point in answering the reviewers' comments is practical, but often overlooked. FURTHER READING Below I present a number of annotated bibliographies. Search the site Search for: Join Now.

ESE welcomes all submissions that meet our aims and scope, free of APC charges. Latest ESE ArticlesThe ABC of linear regression analysis: What every author and editor should knowCompliance with best practice guidelines on publication ethics: Where does Pharmactuel stand.

Authors should abide by all principles of authorship and declaration of relationships and activities detailed in section IIA and B of this document. They often claim to perform peer review but do not and may purposefully use names similar to well established journals. They may state that they are members of ICMJE but are not (see www.

Researchers must be aware of the existence of such entities and avoid submitting research to them for publication. Authors have a responsibility to evaluate the integrity, history, practices and reputation of the journals to which they submit manuscripts. Seeking the assistance of scientific mentors, senior colleagues and others with many years of scholarly publishing experience may also be helpful. Editors therefore must not share Immune Globulin Injection (Human) 10% Caprylate/Chromatography Purified] (Gamunex-C)- Multum about manuscripts, including whether they have been received and are under review, their content and status in the review process, criticism by reviewers, and their ultimate fate, to anyone other than the authors and reviewers.

Requests from third parties to use manuscripts and reviews for legal proceedings should be politely refused, and editors should do their best not to provide such confidential material should it be subpoenaed. Editors must also make clear that reviewers should keep manuscripts, associated material, and the information they contain strictly confidential. Reviewers must not retain the manuscript for their personal use and should destroy paper copies of manuscripts and delete electronic copies after submitting their reviews.

When a manuscript is rejected, it is best practice for journals to delete copies of it from their editorial systems unless retention is required by local regulations. Journals that retain copies of rejected manuscripts should disclose this practice in their Information for Authors.

When a manuscript is published, journals should keep copies of the original submission, reviews, revisions, and correspondence for at least three years and possibly in perpetuity, depending on local regulations, to help answer future questions about the work should they arise. Confidentiality may have to be breached if dishonesty or fraud is alleged, but editors should notify authors or reviewers if they intend to do so and confidentiality must otherwise be honored.

Editors should do all they can to ensure timely processing of manuscripts with the resources available to them. If editors intend to publish a manuscript, they should Immune Globulin Injection (Human) 10% Caprylate/Chromatography Purified] (Gamunex-C)- Multum to do so in a timely manner and any planned delays should be negotiated with the authors. If a journal has no intention of proceeding with a manuscript, editors should endeavor to reject the manuscript as soon as possible to allow authors to submit to a different journal.

Peer review is the critical assessment of manuscripts submitted to journals by experts who are usually not part of the editorial staff. Because unbiased, independent, critical assessment is an intrinsic part of all scholarly work, including scientific research, peer review is an important extension of the scientific process.

The actual value of peer review is widely debated, but the process facilitates a fair hearing for a manuscript among members of the scientific community.

More practically, it helps editors decide which manuscripts are suitable for their journals. Peer review often helps authors and editors improve bimatoprost careprost solution quality of reporting. It is the responsibility Immune Globulin Injection (Human) 10% Caprylate/Chromatography Purified] (Gamunex-C)- Multum the journal to ensure that systems are in place for selection of appropriate reviewers.

It is the responsibility of the editor detox ensure that reviewers have access to all materials that may be relevant to the evaluation of the manuscript, including supplementary material for e-only publication, and to ensure that reviewer comments are properly assessed and interpreted in the context of their declared relationships and activities.

A peer-reviewed journal is under no obligation to send submitted manuscripts for review, and under no obligation to follow reviewer recommendations, favorable or negative. The editor of a journal is ultimately responsible for the selection of all its content, and editorial decisions may be informed by issues unrelated to the quality of a manuscript, such as suitability for the journal.

An editor can reject any article self massage prostate any time before publication, including after acceptance if concerns arise about the integrity of the work. Journals may differ in the number and kinds of manuscripts they send for review, the number and types of reviewers Immune Globulin Injection (Human) 10% Caprylate/Chromatography Purified] (Gamunex-C)- Multum seek for each manuscript, whether the review process is open or blinded, and other aspects of the review process.

For this reason and as a service to authors, journals should publish a description of their peer-review process. Journals should notify reviewers of the ultimate decision to accept or reject a paper, and should acknowledge the contribution of peer reviewers to their journal.

Editors should encourage authors to make such documents publicly available at the time of or after publication, before my head hurts when i cough such studies for publication. Some journals may require public posting of these documents as a condition of acceptance for publication. Journal requirements for independent data analysis and for public data availability are in flux at the time of this revision, reflecting evolving views of the importance of data availability for pre- and post-publication peer review.

Some journal editors currently request a statistical analysis of trial data by an independent biostatistician before accepting studies for publication. Each journal should establish and publish their specific requirements for data analysis and posting in a place Dh-Dk potential authors can easily access.

Some people believe that true scientific peer review begins only on the date a paper is published. In that spirit, medical journals should have a mechanism for readers to submit comments, questions, or criticisms about published articles, and Immune Globulin Injection (Human) 10% Caprylate/Chromatography Purified] (Gamunex-C)- Multum have a responsibility to respond appropriately and cooperate with any requests from the journal for data or additional information should questions about the paper arise after publication (see Section III).

ICMJE Immune Globulin Injection (Human) 10% Caprylate/Chromatography Purified] (Gamunex-C)- Multum investigators have a duty to maintain the primary data and analytic procedures underpinning the published results for at least 10 years. The ICMJE encourages the preservation of these data in a data repository to ensure their Immune Globulin Injection (Human) 10% Caprylate/Chromatography Purified] (Gamunex-C)- Multum availability.

Those decisions should not be influenced by commercial interests, personal relationships or agendas, or findings that are negative or that credibly challenge accepted wisdom. In addition, authors should submit for publication or otherwise make publicly available, and editors should not exclude from consideration for publication, studies with findings that are not statistically significant or that have Immune Globulin Injection (Human) 10% Caprylate/Chromatography Purified] (Gamunex-C)- Multum findings.

Such studies may Immune Globulin Injection (Human) 10% Caprylate/Chromatography Purified] (Gamunex-C)- Multum evidence that combined with that from other studies through meta-analysis might still help answer important questions, and a public record of such negative or inconclusive findings may prevent unwarranted replication of effort or otherwise be valuable for other researchers considering similar work. Journals should clearly state their appeals process and should have a system for responding to appeals and complaints.

To improve academic culture, editors should seek to engage a broad and diverse array of authors, reviewers, editorial staff, editorial board members, and readers. The journal impact factor jenny johnson widely misused as a proxy for research and journal quality and as a measure of the importance of specific research projects or the merits of individual researchers, including their suitability for hiring, promotion, tenure, prizes, or research funding.

ICMJE recommends that journals reduce the emphasis on impact factor as a single measure, but rather provide a Immune Globulin Injection (Human) 10% Caprylate/Chromatography Purified] (Gamunex-C)- Multum of article and journal metrics relevant to their readers and authors. Reviewers therefore should keep manuscripts and the information they contain strictly confidential.

Reviewers must not retain the manuscript for their personal use and should destroy copies of manuscripts after submitting their reviews. These individuals must maintain the confidentiality of the manuscript as Immune Globulin Injection (Human) 10% Caprylate/Chromatography Purified] (Gamunex-C)- Multum above.

Reviewers are expected to respond promptly to requests to review and to submit reviews within the time agreed. Reviewers should declare their relationships and activities that might bias their evaluation of a manuscript and recuse themselves from the peer-review process if a conflict exists.

Next: Journal Immune Globulin Injection (Human) 10% Caprylate/Chromatography Purified] (Gamunex-C)- Multum and Editorial Freedom Keep up-to-date Request to receive an E-mail when the Recommendations are updated. Its unique approach is theorised and practical. It offers a set of moves for writing a journal article Immune Globulin Injection (Human) 10% Caprylate/Chromatography Purified] (Gamunex-C)- Multum is structured and doable but also attends to the identity issues that manifest on the page and in the politics of academic life.

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Comments:

06.08.2019 in 21:44 penkidezy:
И не так бывает ))))