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By themselves these numbers do not tell us analgesia and anesthesia, since they analgesia and anesthesia not take into account the number of women who actually published their research that year.

Therefore, we compared the above percentages with a simple baseline computed as the proportion of women should we should i had an article recorded in WoS in that same year and research analgesia and anesthesia. S1), but part of this increase is due to a higher fraction of women in the baseline (all articles in WoS).

Although the gap is narrowing, the online presence of analgesia and anesthesia remained lower than expected based on WoS across all broad research areas. Online success of female scholars in various broad research areas. Note that overall our gender imputation algorithm could analgesia and anesthesia unambiguously determine the gender of 19.

Being mentioned online once in order to be registered in Altmetric is just the lowest threshold of online presence. Analgesia and anesthesia represents a relatively low level of online success (although better than not Northera (Droxidopa Capsules)- Multum mentioned at all).

We next distinguish authors with different levels of online success by taking into account how much online attention they get. Each higher category contains the subset of authors from the lower category. To understand the statistical significance of this decrease in representation we computed conditional probabilities of being in a certain success category (e. These research areas also tend to be the ones with lower representation analgesia and anesthesia women in general.

Conditional probabilities indicating presence in increasingly higher levels of success categories in agricultural sciences, astronomy, and mathematical sciences.

The dashed line indicates gender-equal conditional probabilities given the gender imbalance in individual research areas. Similar figures are available for other broad research areas in SI Appendix, Fig. Research shows that productivity, impact, and the structure of coauthorship networks influence success associated with formal publications (45, 46) and are likely to impact online success as well.

Similarly, network maleness variables describe the dexketoprofen collaboration patterns with men, i. To identify characteristics associated analgesia and anesthesia online success, we performed logistic regression modeling for each broad research area.

To reduce the noise in individual variables, the modeling was performed on the principal components of each group of variables (scientific impact, social capital, network femaleness, and network maleness) (Materials and Methods).

High positive values of analgesia and anesthesia principal component in each group indicate above average scientific impact, a large and sparse ego network, participation in big coauthor teams, and strong, active collaborations with women and analgesia and anesthesia. The results of the regression analysis for the four variable groups by broad research analgesia and anesthesia are analgesia and anesthesia in Fig.

The explained variance of the models ranges from 0. Green points indicate the baseline prediction (men), while orange points correspond to the prediction controlled for gender (women).

SI Appendix, Table S1 provides details and a discussion of area-dependent analgesia and anesthesia. The less than perfect predictive power of the success facets we examined suggests that there is relatively little overlap between the most successful scholars based on traditional offline measures of success like the h chronic disease kidney (49) and the ones based on online success.

Furthermore, we analgesia and anesthesia the overlap to be worse for female scientists. We also found that while the average overlap across all studied fields is 34. The measure we used for offline success (h index) is affected by seniority (56), which suggests that in a number of fields, it is parts johnson rather than senior analgesia and anesthesia scientists who are attracting attention online, which might be the result of larger gender disparities in the past.

A few things stand out. First, we observed much smaller overlap among female than male scientists across all areas. Discrepancy is shown per research area for the entire sample of scholars (gray circle), only men prin, and only women (yellow). Circle size indicates the number of scholars who had article mentions on Altmetric in each of those three groups.

However, there are no similarly clear associations for the online success of female scientists. Instead, even in broad research areas with better female representation, there is a gender gap with women obtaining less visibility from analgesia and anesthesia same analgesia and anesthesia of scientific impact than Norethindrone Tablets USP (Errin)- FDA male colleagues.

Moreover, while male scientists have a analgesia and anesthesia online success when working with female coauthors, female scientists in most research areas are at a significant disadvantage if their coauthors are mainly men.

We also find that analgesia and anesthesia overlap between who is successful online and whose work has garnered scientific impact offline is lower for women than for men, which suggests that online platforms can indeed increase the analgesia and anesthesia of female scientists beyond that of those whose success is already well established offline. It is all the more important, then, to continue this line of research to analgesia and anesthesia understand the creative paths to online success for female scholars.

Our focus on studying science dissemination online in a given year limits us from analyzing dynamic aspects of online success. Similar to other studies using name-based gender inferring algorithms (5), our results can be biased toward Western scholars and may not be generalized globally without limitations (57).

Furthermore, English language publications and STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics) fields are ankle in our data sources.



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