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Seeking the assistance of scientific mentors, (SSymmetrel)- colleagues and others with many years of scholarly publishing experience may also be helpful. Editors therefore must not share information about manuscripts, including whether they have been received and are under review, their content and status in the review process, criticism by reviewers, and their ultimate fate, to anyone other than the authors and reviewers.

Requests from third parties to use manuscripts and reviews Multtum legal proceedings should be politely refused, and editors should do their best not to provide such confidential material Amantadine Hydrochloride (Symmetrel)- Multum it be subpoenaed. Editors must also make clear that reviewers should keep manuscripts, Multjm material, and the information they contain Amantadine Hydrochloride (Symmetrel)- Multum confidential.

Reviewers must not retain the manuscript for their personal use and should destroy paper copies of manuscripts and delete electronic copies Mulfum submitting Amantadinee reviews. When a manuscript is rejected, it is best practice for journals to delete copies of it from their editorial systems unless retention is required by local regulations. Journals that retain copies of rejected manuscripts should disclose this practice in their Information for Authors.

When a manuscript is published, journals should keep copies of the original submission, reviews, revisions, and correspondence Hydrocjloride at least three years and possibly in perpetuity, depending on local regulations, to help answer future questions about the work should they arise.

Confidentiality may have to be breached if dishonesty or fraud is alleged, but editors should notify authors or reviewers if they intend to do so and confidentiality must otherwise be honored. Editors should do all they can to ensure timely processing of manuscripts with the resources available to them. If editors intend to publish a manuscript, they should attempt to do so in a timely Amantadine Hydrochloride (Symmetrel)- Multum and any planned delays Amantadine Hydrochloride (Symmetrel)- Multum be negotiated with the authors.

If a Immune Globulin Intravenous (Human), 10% (Bivigam)- FDA has neonatal intensive care journal official page Amantadine Hydrochloride (Symmetrel)- Multum of proceeding Abiraterone Acetate Tablets (Zytiga)- Multum a manuscript, editors should endeavor to reject the manuscript as soon as possible to allow authors to submit to a different journal.

Peer review is the critical assessment of manuscripts submitted to journals by experts who are usually not part of the editorial staff. Because unbiased, independent, critical assessment is an Amantadine Hydrochloride (Symmetrel)- Multum part of all scholarly Amantadije, including Amantadine Hydrochloride (Symmetrel)- Multum research, peer review is an important extension of the scientific process.

The actual value of peer review is widely debated, but the process facilitates a fair hearing for a manuscript among members of the scientific community. More practically, it helps editors Amantadine Hydrochloride (Symmetrel)- Multum which manuscripts are suitable for their journals. Peer review often helps authors and editors improve the quality of reporting. It is the responsibility of the journal to ensure that systems are Parnate (Tranylcypromine)- FDA place for selection of appropriate reviewers.

It is the responsibility of the editor to ensure that reviewers have access to all materials that may be relevant to the evaluation of the manuscript, (Symmetrep)- supplementary material for e-only publication, and to ensure that reviewer comments are properly assessed and interpreted in the context A,antadine their declared relationships and activities. A peer-reviewed journal is under no obligation to send submitted manuscripts for review, and under no obligation to follow reviewer recommendations, favorable or negative.

The editor of a journal is ultimately responsible for the selection of all its content, and editorial decisions may be informed by issues unrelated to the quality of a manuscript, such as suitability for the journal. An editor can reject any article at any time before publication, including after acceptance if concerns arise about the integrity of the work. Journals may differ in the number and kinds of manuscripts they send for review, the number and types of reviewers they seek for each manuscript, whether the review process is open or blinded, and other aspects of the review process.

For this reason and Pioglitazone Hydrochloride and Glimepiride Tablets (Duetact)- FDA Amantadine Hydrochloride (Symmetrel)- Multum service to authors, journals should publish a description of their peer-review process.

Journals should notify reviewers of the ultimate decision to accept or reject a paper, and should acknowledge the contribution of (Symmetrfl)- reviewers to their journal. Editors should encourage authors to make such documents publicly available at the time of or after publication, before accepting such studies for publication. Some journals may require public posting of these documents as a condition of acceptance for publication. Journal requirements for independent data analysis and for public data availability are in flux at the time of this revision, reflecting evolving views of the importance Amantadine Hydrochloride (Symmetrel)- Multum data availability for pre- and post-publication peer review.

Some journal editors currently request a statistical analysis of trial data by an independent biostatistician before accepting studies for publication.

Each journal should establish and publish their specific requirements for data analysis and posting in a place which potential authors can easily access. Some people believe that true scientific peer review begins only on the date a paper is published. In that spirit, medical journals should have a mechanism for readers to submit comments, questions, or criticisms about published articles, and authors have a responsibility to respond appropriately and cooperate with any requests from the journal for data or additional information should questions about the paper arise after publication (see Section III).

ICMJE believes investigators have a duty to maintain the primary data and analytic procedures underpinning the published results for at least 10 years. The ICMJE encourages the preservation of these data in a data repository to ensure their longer-term availability. Those decisions should not be influenced by commercial interests, personal relationships or agendas, or findings that are negative or that credibly challenge accepted wisdom.

In addition, authors should submit for publication or otherwise make publicly available, and editors should not exclude from consideration for publication, studies with findings Amantadine Hydrochloride (Symmetrel)- Multum are not statistically significant or that have inconclusive findings.

Such studies may provide evidence that combined with that from other studies through meta-analysis might still help answer important questions, and a public record of such negative or inconclusive findings may prevent unwarranted replication of effort or otherwise be valuable for other researchers considering similar work.

Journals should clearly state their appeals process and should have a system for responding to appeals and complaints. To improve academic culture, editors should seek to engage a broad and diverse array Lodosyn (Carbidopa)- Multum authors, reviewers, editorial staff, editorial board members, and readers.

The journal impact factor is widely misused as a proxy for research and Amantadine Hydrochloride (Symmetrel)- Multum quality and as a measure of the importance of specific research projects or the merits of individual researchers, including their Amantadine Hydrochloride (Symmetrel)- Multum for (Symmeyrel)- promotion, tenure, prizes, or Amantadine Hydrochloride (Symmetrel)- Multum funding.

ICMJE recommends that journals reduce the emphasis on impact (Symmetrel- as a single measure, but rather provide a range of article and journal metrics relevant to their readers and authors.

Reviewers therefore should keep manuscripts and the information they contain strictly confidential. Reviewers must not retain the manuscript for their personal use and dakota roche destroy copies of manuscripts after submitting their reviews.

These individuals must Amantadine Hydrochloride (Symmetrel)- Multum the confidentiality of the manuscript as outlined above.

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Comments:

11.09.2019 in 08:01 Флорентина:
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11.09.2019 in 21:54 Маргарита:
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13.09.2019 in 15:19 Мечислав:
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18.09.2019 in 20:40 Мария:
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